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Sunday, 10 July 2011

What is Co-operative farming or What are the causes of failure of cooperative farming and suggest the measures to improve it

Cooperative Farming :-
Co-operative farming is a voluntary organization in which the farmers pool their resources. The object of this organization is to help each other in agriculture for their common interests. In other word it is a co-operative among the farmers of limited means.

IMPORTANCE or ADVANTAGES OF CO-OPERATIVE FARMING :-
The cooperative farming has been tried successfully in various countries like United Kingdom, Germany, France and Sweden. Following are the main advantages of cooperative farming :

1. Consolidation of Small Units of Land :-
Majority of the farmers keep the small units of land. So they cannot employ the improved methods of cultivation. Cooperative farming enables them to consolidate their small units of land for better utilization.

2. Use of Machinery :-
A poor farmer cannot purchase the machinery but a cooperative society can easily purchase the various machines. The use of machines will not only reduce the cost of production but will increase the per acre yield.

3. Supply of Inputs :-
A cooperative farming is in a better position to get the adequate and timely supply of essential agriculture inputs like fertilizer and seeds.

4. Creates Love and Brotherhood :-
A cooperative farming society creates the brotherhood and love for the members because they work for their common interest.

5. Fair Price of the Product :-
A co-operative farming society will bargain in the market and will sell the product at maximum price. The income of the individual farmer will increase.

6. Guidance and Training :-
A co-operative society guides the farmer to increase their efficiency and production.


CAUSES OF FAILURE OF COOPERATIVE FARMING

1 Attachment With Land :-
The farmers are not willing to surrender the rights of land infavour of the society because they have too much attachment with it.

2. Lack of Cooperative Spirit :-
The spirit of cooperation and love is lacking among farmers. They are divided in various sections on cast basis. There is no unity among them, so they are not ready to become the member of the society.

3. Illiteracy :-
In poor countries farmers are mostly illiterate and they are not ready accept any change in the cultivation process. Still some of them are using the old methods of cultivation.

4. Lack of Capital :-
The co-operative farming societies are also facing the capital shortage problem and these are unable to meet the growing needs of agriculture. Credit facilities to these societies are also not sufficient.

5. Dishonesty :-
The management of cooperative often turns out to be dishonest. The selfishness of the members make the cooperative farming society ineffective.

6. Re-Payment of Debt :-
Sometimes debt is not re-payed in time which creates many problems for the financial institutions. Some members do not realize their responsibility and it becomes the cause of failure.


MEASUREMENT FOR COOPERATIVE FARMING

1. Increase in Education :-
The government should increase the rate of education to make the cooperative farming more effective. Importance of cooperative farming society should be explained to the farmers.

2. Changes in the Recovery Process :-
The government should remove the defects in the recovery process. It will increase the efficiency of financial institutions and there will be reduction in defaulters.

3. Moral Persuasion :-
The management can ask the members of the society in friendly manner for the re-payment of debt. When crop is in the market, loan can be recovered easily.

4. Removal of Corruption :-
The government should discourage corrupt people and people should also be co-operative with the government to make cooperative farming more effective.

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