Solution of Role Conflict
Role conflict is a social problem which becomes a source of mental and physical worries. Sociologists have presented some proposals in this regard :
1. Clarity of Role : -
Non-clarity of expectations creates role conflict so it should be cleared to an individual to enable him to play his role easily. For instance, the driver of the train is clearly explained to save the passengers and not the person lying on the railway line that is why, being aware of his role and its expectations he does not apply brakes to save a person lying on the railway track by endangering the lives of the passengers in the train.
2. Efficient System of Social Sanctions :
If there is a efficient system for performance of role, that how, to do things, sociologists propose it two ways:
1. Socialization and job training.
2. Efficient system of sanctions.
Socialization gives guidance for role to improve working and sanctions help to continue the role better because punishment will keep one away from deviation and reward will give on courage and thrill. Thus, this is likely to reduce the incidents of role conflict.
3. Obedience of Norms :
Societies where there is a system of getting the norms abides by, options of role are limited. Informal norms like mores, Folk ways, religious norms and their obedience create a control in the personality of an individual and there is a sense of accountability to God and society and confidence in norms finishes the perplexing condition producing a concentration for role and the individual remains safe from role conflict.
Role Playing :
A famous psychologist of America, George Herbert Mead (1875-1981) has explained that as a result of socialization, the individuals learn about expectations which other individuals expect from them and the edge they give to the behaviour. This ability is got through role taking. Role taking is pretending to take or actually taking of roles of other people. Mead has explained this that a child learns. this role in three stages and tries to understand the social life in a better way. These are the three stages described by Mead:
i. Imitation :
A child less than three years is unconscious of his role and other's roles. He imitates the individuals around him. In the beginning, this imitation is haphazard. This is not role taking but role preparation.
ii. Play :
After three years, children begin to adopt role through play. They play as doctor, teacher or student's role and adopt specific role of others. They feel for the first time that this world is not their own but it is of others whose role they are playing. Thus, they get training for role taking.
iii. Games :
In the beginning years of school, children become prepared to take part in organized games. From nine to eleven years of age, they adopt life games, try to understand other's expectations and to fulfills them and an organized role playing is started according to social expectations that continues throughout his life.