What is the importance of social groups in the human life and being a member of a society how is your life affected from the different groups
Man is the creation of group life. German sociologist, George Samuel holds that,"Dyad, one is able to achieve or special level of intimacy that cannot be duplicated in large groups marital relationships between wife and husband is the best example of a Dyad,"
Groups play an important part in human life. An individual's bringing up, care. personality building, education, social. economic and psychological needs fulfillment, sense of security, love, satisfaction of emotions and culture transmission-all of these are possible through group life which tells its importance. How an individual is affected by groups? how do groups create facilities for individuals? How does an individual benefit from these. The detail of these is given below :
I. Enhancement in Individual's capacity :
In social life, many jobs cannot be done by an individual and he needs the help of others. The bringing up of children and their care cannot be done by an individual alone for whom family came into existence and this increased the individual's capacity. In agriculture. no man can do the job alone because some of heavy jobs of carrying stones is not possible for an individual where two or more persons can do this job easily. That is why, family is given importance in the society. Because this group provides manpower for agriculture and is also helpful in fighting being strong physically.
2. Fulfillment of Basic Needs :
A lonely person is helpless and this obliged him to lead a group life. A man not only is a living creature or has biological needs for his satisfaction but also he has social and psychological needs. Therefore, needs can be divided into three kinds:
i. Biological needs: Hunger, thirst, sleep and sexual satisfaction.
ii. Sociological needs: Desire for wealth, honour and social status.
iii. Psychogenic or Psychological needs: Love, friendship and ego passions.
The completion of all of these needs is not possible individually and only group life plays an important role for these achievement. The primary group of family does play its part in providing love, sexual satisfaction, food etc. Primary, secondary and reference groups play their parts for behaviour, tendency correction and building of personality. In-group provides recognition and self-bring. Thus, all groups play their parts according to the expectations of the society to complete the basic needs of an individual.
3. Personality Development :
A man is a clot of blood at the time of his birth. It is group life that teaches him language and tells him the ways of living. He begins his life from the primary group where he is brought up. He learns family ways and then interacts with other groups which include friends, neighbors. Their ways affect his habits and life style and his personality. Afterwards, school, college, office affects him by contact with secondary groups. His personality is improved by discipline and rules. His way of living becomes mature. Reference Group helps him to compare his personality with those of others to make it better. Formal and Informal Group interaction gives a chance to express his personal abilities and their promotion and all of these help him to become the best of all the creatures.
4. Transmission of Culture :
Groups play a part in transmitting culture from one race to another race. Primary group as family, friends and neighbors make the individual learn norms of life, customs, traditions, values and habits. Similarly, language, dress transmits knowledge; experience through formal and informal education to a new race. In-
group and Informal Group transmit recreation, games and stories of wars to a new race which are adopted by the new race to harmonies with the culture and also to guarantee the security of the culture.
5. Social Control :
The most important function is social action in the group dynamics. Primary group is an informal manner that manages for social control. Good manners and informal sanctions make the character of an individual according to the expectation of the society and traditions. Values and customs create materiality in the expected character and there is a harmony between the trends and behaviour of the society. Secondary Group makes the individual abide by the rules and regulations. Formal Group produces some prestige in interaction through status degree. Formal Group also helps in adopting sanctions for achieve of specific objectives. In this way, discipline finds a way in life. Deviation in manners is decreased which in turn,
decreases mutual dispersion and social stability is promoted.
6. Possibility of Achievement of Collective Aims :
In social life, some human needs are such which cannot be got by individual efforts. For example, construction of houses, festivals of grief and happiness, building of places of worships are collective aims and their achievement is only possible through different groups. Recreation is a collective aim and it needs the
participation of primary and secondary group. Similarly, protecting society from crimes is a collective aim. This can be achieved by formal and secondary groups with the help of primary group. In the modern and urban life, the collective aims—electricity, water supply, roads, dams, law and order are not possible without the secondary and formal groups like Highways authority, police and administration. This shows that the collection aims are only to be achieved through social groups.