Analysis of DataStatistics is compulsory need in scientific research. Its use is increasing in social sciences also.
The analysis of data is that stage in a research where a researcher is able to give answers that what has he found. Analysis is the name of molding the data into a standard form and to apply analytical techniques on it to get trustworthy and useful results.
Stages of Data Analysis :
There are four stages.
i. Coding :
Verbal or written answers are changed into arithmetic numbers to deal with them in a better way. For example, in social interaction measurement research, the question may be in the form.
Question : How many times in a day do you meet your friend?
Ans: A- one B-twice C-several times:
In coding system we use these answers some numbers like A-l, B-2, C-3. In this way, in the end the total of all numbers represents the magnitude position of social interaction.
ii. Data Entry :
After coding the answers of respondent in the form of coding are registered in a computer or special register or on a card. This enables re-checking the data.
iii. Cross Tabulation :
Two or more variables relation is tested. The total score of dependent is compared with the total score of independent variables.
iv. Testing Relationship :
The last stage of analysis is to test the relationship between variables for which index and scales are used. Before writing a report, all works are completed.