The fulfillment of the basic needs of. the individual is a primary function of education. Personality development and completeness of the self by means of schooling are the major concerns of the educative process. An individual is the central point of the process of education. A system of education is developed for the fulfillment of his basic needs. To me, the following basic needs are significant for completeness of the individual self and personality :-
Recognition :Every normal child is born with a natural desire to be known and acknowledged. This very desire of the child motivates him to do high and positive works. This desire for recognition produces emotions for doing higher
tasks. This very emotion paves the way to human and social welfare. It is necessary for the teachers and parents to honor this natural desire of the children. They should provide the necessary sources for the fulfillment of this desire.
Development of abilities :Every child is born with some natural abilities. These abilities enable us to adjust with the environment. Education is the chief source of development of the abilities of the individual. This very development prepares an individual for the future life. This is the responsibility of the school to develop the abilities of the children and thereby enables them to succeed in various fields of life. Education is, but, an art of leading a successful life. This is the basic aim of education.
Curiosity :Every child wishes to know about the things scattered around him. God has granted him this natural desire for knowing the things and secrets of the universe. This desire is termed as ‘curiosity’ in psychology. The desire for acquisition of knowledge and discovery of principles are due to the natural ability of curiosity of the child. Due to this natural ability, man has conquered the stars, has discovered the hidden secretes of the earth and has known the hidden mysteries of. human soul and body. It is necessary for the acquisition of the objectives of education to satisfy the emotions of curiosity of the students. The teachers and the parents should not create hurdles in the way to the satisfaction of the emotions of curiosity of the students. As satisfaction of the emotions of curiosity is the natural and educational right of the students.
Co-curricular activities :The co-curricular activities are very helpful in the acquisition of the objectives of education. They have a significant role in the personality development of the children. Some objectives are directly concerned with the organization of the co-curricular activities for the students. The balanced and comprehensive development of the students is not possible without the provision of co-curricular activities for the students. It is necessary for the school administration to create a harmony between curricular and co-curricular activities
so that the comprehensive objectives of education can be secured.
Appreciation :Every individual has the desire to'be'appreciated. If the children are appreciated and encouraged, they will be motivated to do more good tasks. It is, but, natural that every man does only the work for which he is appreciated. So, the children should be rewarded for their educational performance. A word of appreciation matters much in the lives of the children. If children are appreciated by their parents and teachers, their educational performance improves. In this way, they earn goodwill and good name for their school. It is the chief responsibility of the teachers and the parents to encourage the students so that hey may show better performance in the academic field.
Physical health :It is generally believed that a sound body possesses a sound mind. The physical health allows a child to participate in the curricular and co-curricular activities of the school. The educational objectives cannot be
achieved with an unhealthy body. It seems necessary that concrete steps must be taken for the physical health of the students. They should be provided balanced diet. In connection with the health care of the students, teachers and the parents are equally responsible. The children should be medically examined according to the medical schedule and concrete measures should be taken in the light of the medical reports of the students.
Confidence :A sense of confidence should be produced by means of co-curricular activities for the acquisition of educational objectives. If there is a lack of confidence in the children, they should not be able to participate in the activities of life successfully. Confidence is the key to success in all walks of life. The educative process can produce confidence in the personality of the students. The students need guidance and cooperation during the educative process. The positive attitude of the teachers towards their students influences the level of confidence of the students. A student learns confidence form the behavior and conduct of their teachers and parents. If the trust of the child is broken, it leaves negative effects on his educational performance. It also causes hurdles in the way to personality development of the child. If the students are allowed to 'tell their
inner words and emotions to their teachers, it will help the process of confidence building in the students.
Freedom of opinion :Every individual has the right to think freely. Freedom of opinion leads to the personality development and a democratic society in the a true sense of the term. If there is no freedom of expression, there is no freedom of speech. Freedom of expression, as a. fundamental human right, has been acknowledged by all civilized states of the globe. Every thought needs expression. If an opinion is not allowed to express, it is the negation of the fundamental human right. If the children are given the freedom of opinion, they express their inner emotions; in this way, harmony is produced between the teachers and the students. It is necessary for the acquisition of educational objectives that children should be given the freedom of expression in the educative process. In this way, it can be hoped that the children will become creative, dynamic and confident.
Education produces such skills in an individual which are necessary for adopting a particular profession. These skills are concerned with the training of human physical organs. An individual cannot participate in the economic activities without the concerned skills. Education equips the individuals with such skills that‘are necessary for the smooth running of the society. Painting, driving, computer operating, calligraphy, swimming, boxing and drawing pictures are the significant skills.
Mental health :
Mental health refers to a state of mind by means of which an individual employs his abilities in achieving the aims of life. A child with mental health actively participates in the educational and social activities. A student should have mental health. In this way, he will be in a position to get benefit of the educational activities. This is the duty of the school to take practical measures for maintaining mental health of the! children. The educative process can only be made effective if the learning situations are in harmony with the mental and psychological needs of the students.
Sense for acquisition of knowledge :
A sense for acquisition of knowledge must be produced in order to achieve the educational objectives. This sense can only be produced by the provision of useful information to the students. Every child is inclined to know new things. This natural inclination persuades him, to think what are things in nature, how do they come into being and what are the principles behind their existence. A teacher should answer to the questions raised
by the students. A teacher can produce a sense for acquisition of knowledge if he answers to the questions raised by the students in an organized manner.
Natural environment :
Every child is a born innocent and his innocence can be developed and maintained. in the natural environment. Natural environment refers to an environment in which an individual is provided the opportunities for the development of abilities. This environment is harmonized with the natural and psychological needs of the students. A school cannot get its objectives without the provision of natural environment to its students. As water is a natural environment for a fish and it cannot alive without its natural environment. In the fashion, the environment harmonized with the psychological needs is a natural environment for an individual. Human abilities can only be developed in the natural and favourable environment.