School is a social institution which builds the personality and character of the youths in accordance with the social aspirations and needs. As a social centre, school provides such experiences to the students which help them develop their natural abilities. Society fixes the responsibility of character building of the members of
society on the shoulders of education. The role of school in the society can be manifested in the following lines :-
Acquaintance with life ideology :Every nation follows an ideology of life which gives an identity to the nation. This ideology provides a line of action to the nation for leading successful individual and collective life. Every Society longs for enabling the new generation acquainted with life ideology: The society sets up educational institutions for the realization of this national objective. This is the duty of the school to impart the national ideology to the children and provide all sorts of help for leading life according to the national ideology.
Transmission of cultural values :Every society has the desire to propagate and promote its civilization and culture. When people belonging to various societies feel pride in adopting a particular culture, it indicates the propagation of a particular culture. Every society takes steps for the promotion of its cultural values by means of the educative process. This is the duty of school to indoctrinate the social, religious, cultural and moral values to the Students. This is the foremost responsibility of the school which cannot be ignored in any case.
Social agreeableness :Education develops a social sense in the students. This ability enables them to lead a balanced and adjusted life in the society. This is the responsibility of education to bring school and society closer to each other. This
closeness brings about social agreeableness which is a significant social aim of education. The society expects that the school would teach the social values and ethical. manners to the children and thereby make them useful and productive citizens. The school administration should produce a society-oriented environment in the school so that the students may learn the social rules and values before entering the society.
Civic training :Education develops the social understanding of the individuals. After being educated,.they observe respect for the social environment. To my mind, school is the only place which can provide civic training to. the individuals. The people should be equipped with the emotions of love, justice, and mutual-respect. These emotions are necessary for pleasant and productive social life. If the children have respect for the national and social to the maximum extent, they would be considered as socially trained.
Reconstruction Of social order :Education is a process of imparting social values and ethics to the students so that they may become useful citizens. The social needs and demands change as the time passes. In the changing social conditions, this is the duty of school to critically and impartially evaluate the changing demands of life. It should select those activities for the student which may harmonize them with the modern social needs. In short, reconstruction of social life is one of the significant responsibilities of the educative process.
Promotion of democratic values :A school takes steps for the provision of such environment which allows democratic values to flourish in the personality and character of the children. The school, as a social centre, provides the opportunities of
freedom of expression. They are left with the liberty to. speak whatever they wish to speak. The teacher should ensure the participation of the students in the instructional process. Their aspirations and desires should be honored and steps should be taken up for the realization of their inner desires.
Development of abilities :Every child is born with peculiar individual abilities and faculties. This is the responsibility of the educative process to help the child in the development and training of the granted abilities. A balanced system of education is responsible for the comprehensive development of the abilities of the students: The school should make arrangements for the physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and spiritual aspects of a child’s personality. The co-curricular activities play a significant role in the development of various aspects of the personality of the children. That is why; a school promotes co-curricular activities in the premises of the school.
Fulfillment of national aims :The School is a Significant source of realization of national aims and priorities. It should train the students in line with the national aims and ideals. A nation expects that the educated children would fulfill the national aims and ideals after being educated. There should be no negligence on the part of school in fulfilling the national aims set by the society. If education is not able to fulfill the said aims, it would be considered as unproductive and futility of time.
Safeguard of civilization & culture :Every society has a particular ideology according to Which it decides the various affairs of its life. All the societies vary in cultural values and social fabrics. This very difference in cultural values distinguishes one society from the others. Every society has the desire to transfer its culture and civilization to the safe hands. School is the only means which take steps for the safeguard of culture and civilization of-a nation. Safeguard of civilization is a very sensitive responsibility which is taken up by education as a representative of society.
Character building :The school should build the character and personality of the students in line with national ideology by means of various curricular and co-curricular activities. The national life philosophy should be reflected in the
personality of the children. Their conduct should speak the national code of conduct. The school should provide the freedom of expression to the students so they may grow their natural freedom. The student should be persuaded to follow the golden immortal values like truthfulness, industriousness, fraternity, honesty, piety fulfillment of promise, and trustworthiness.