Learning through insights refers to the reorganization or reconstruction of the pattern or the signiﬁcance of events allowing one to grasp relationships relevant to the solution. It also refers to the process by which problems are solved and situations are comprehended. Expertise in computer operations, solving the mathematical problems, understand the complexities of the laws of learning, highlighting the mistakes in a book and translating a book into a foreign language Are some commonly known examples of learning by insight. In this type of learning, an individual can solve his/her problems by employing his/her cognitive abilities Learning by insight is based on explicit principles. Following are the necessary steps
involved in the learning by insight :
- A problem arises : the individual comes across a problematic situation. This problem certainly disturbs the internal and external balance of the individual.
- Understanding of the available sources : the individual gets acquainted with the sources available in the environment.
- Presence of motive for the solution of the problem : the individual realizes the need for the solution of the problem. This need serves as a motive which is necessary for the solution of the problem.
- Consideration of various aspects of the problem : the individual critically evaluates various aspects of the problem and employs all of his/her previous knowledge.
- Selection of the experiences necessary for the solution of the problem : the individual selects the experiences and activities which can aid in the solution of the problem. He/she also employs all of his/her past knowledge, information and observations in this problem solving process.
- Consideration of possible sources for the solution of the problem : the individual thinks about the possible sources for the solution of the problem. These sources must have relevance with the problem.
- Searching for the solution of the problem consciously : the individual employs all the selected sources and consequently ﬁnds out the solution of his/her problem.
- Making the outcome of the problem a part of behavior : the individual learns from the problematic situation. This learning brings about behavioral changes in the individual which direct the future decisions of the individual.