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Saturday, 2 July 2011

How you can break the vicious circle of poverty in the under developed countries? or Describe the various measures to remove the economic obstacles of

If the under developed countries adopt the following policies, they can remove the obstacles and can break the vicious circle of poverty.

1. Proper Use of Natural Resources :-
The developing countries can achieve rapid economic growth by making the efficient use of natural resources. By proper use of resources we can increase the production and per capita income of the country.

2. Self Reliance Policy :-
The less developing countries should reduce their dependence on foreign aid. The heavy reliance on foreign aid and its repeated suspension, delay and breach of agreements have created multiple problems. The policy of self reliance should be followed for financing development projects.

3. Encouragement of Private Sector :-
The less developed countries should encourage the private sector to increase the rate of investment in the country. The government has also given incentives to the private sector to promote the rate of development in the country.

4. Increase in Savings :-
The government of less developed countries should provide incentives to encourage the rate of savings in the country. New and attractive savings schemes should be introduced.

5. Increase in Exports :-
We should increase our exports to make our balance of payment favorable. We should increase the exports of manufactured goods instead of primary commodities.

6. Reduction in Imports :-
The developing countries should produce substitutes of imports in side the country to save the foreign exchange. Import of luxuries should be curtailed.

7. Development of Agriculture :-
To increase the per acre yield government should expand the credit facilities to the farmers. Due to low yield of wheat it has imported many times to meet the needs of the country.

8. Development of Industrial Sector :-
Agriculture based industries should be established in the less developed countries. All the raw material should be used in these industries, instead of exporting raw material on lower rates.

9. Reduction in Employment :-
The government should increase the job opportunities in the country. It will improve the saving and purchasing power of the people. New projects should be started to increase the rate of employment.

10. Balanced Growth Strategy :-
The less developed countries should adopt the balance growth strategy to remove poverty. Because investment in various sectors at the same time can provide market and a source of a supply for another.

11. Introduction to Technology :-
The developing countries can increase the rate of development by adopting suitable advance technology in various sectors of the economy. But they should adopt the technology according to their requirements.

12. Reduction in Population Growth :-
In the less developed countries high birth rate is the main cause of low per capita income. In India and Pakistan rate of population growth is high. effective measures should be taken to reduce the population pressure.

13. Administrative Performs :-
The professionally qualified persons should be appointed in the financial institutions and in the planning sector. Corrupt and inefficient administration should be removed.

14. Monopolies Must be Discouraged :-
The government should discourage the monopolistic associations and should protect the interest of the consumer, Govt. should keep an eye on the prices also.

15. Denationalization :-
All the poor countries should handed over the sick industries to the private sector. The present government has also decided to sell the shares of public industries to private sector. This policy will reduce the deficit of the budget.

16. Improve the Quality of Labour :-
Poor countries should improve the quality of labour by providing the education and technical skill to the labour. It will increase the efficiency of the people and the rate of production.

17. Political Stability :-
It is the basic requirement for the development of any country. All the poor countries should prevail peace and political stability if they want to achieve development.

18. Stable Economic Policy :-
The poor countries should adopt the stable economic policy. There should be no frequent changes in the taxation and import export policy. Because it discourage the rate of investment in the country.

19. Effective Planning :-
The less developed countries can prepare the development plans to accelerate the rate of development in the country.


Anonymous,  24 April 2013 at 20:56  


samuel mushi 17 October 2014 at 04:27  

yeha! that policiesonce folloewd can permernent remove povert in developing countrie.......samwel mushi from the college of business education tanzania

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