According to the author of “Living Communication”, Mr. Allen M. S. Berg, “Communication is not dependent on language. It simply implies that two persons should be in a position to understand each other’s viewpoint clearly. Signs, symbols, disconnected sounds, pictures and even facial expressions can serve the purpose of communication.”
Although there is no denying of language’s importance, but on the other hand it is the fact that deaf and dumb also communicate through gestures, facial expressions and with very specific movements or actions of their bodies. So this the reality that signs, symbols, gestures and facial expressions are important ways of communication in which, besides, human beings, plants and inanimate objects can also invoice.
LANGUAGELanguage is the basic device for expressing our thoughts, expressions and feelings. In mass communication, language is being considered the most important source of communication through which we share our knowledge, information and ideas with others.
1. According to the author of “The History Of Language”, Henry Sweet: “Language may be defined as the expression of thoughts by means of speech sounds.”
2. Dictionary of Linguistics defines language as : “A system of communication by sound that is through the organs of speech and hearing among human beings of a certain group or community, using vocal symbols possessing arbitrary conventional meaning.”
3. Webster’s new International Dictionary defines language as such that: “Language is audible, articulate human speech as produced by the action of the tongue and adjacent vocal organs. The body of words and methods of combining words used and understood by a considerable community, especially when fixed and elaborated by long usage, a tongue.”
4. According to the author of “Speech and Language”, A. H. Gardiner: “Language in its widest sense means the total sum of such signs of our thoughts and feelings as are capable of external perception and as could be produced and repeated at will.”
Apart from all these above definitions, we can say simply that language is a natural source of communication based on three types-pictorial, vocal and symbolic; through which we exchange our ideas. expressions, feelings and share our knowledge easily with others.
Language has been transferring from generation to generation where we learn the meanings of words and their usage in a specific language. On the other side, language is known as a symbol of nation’s unity and recognize as the identity of a nation. Any nation can promote her culture, art through language while science has also developed on the base of language as we use scientific language for explanation of scientific terms and its progress.
Language is the most important way of communication. In fact, the basic purpose of language is to communicate with others by words or sounds. “Sound” has two types, organized pattern of sound like music or disconnected sound through which animals communicate. As we know, human beings and animals both have tongue but this is properly used in words as a language only by human beings. Animals communicate through disconnected sound by which they show their needs like hunger, fear, pain etc.
Communicative Importance of LanguageLanguage is a basic source of communication through which we transfer and exchange our ideas, knowledge and information.
1. As J. Whatmough defines language as that “Language is human-a-verbal systematic symbolism which means of transiting information, a form of social behaviour-hing degree of convention.”
2. Henry Sweet, in The History of Language “Language may be defined as the expression of thought by means of speech sounds.”
(1) Source of Communication :
As we have defined above, that language is the most important source of communication through which we express our feelings and thoughts to others. It is the easiest and the simplest form of communication.
(2) Exchange of Ideas :
Through communication, we exchange our ideas to each other. We exchange our ideas through language by using words, which can express our ideas to others.
(3) Promote Social and Cultural Relations :
Through communication, many friends and relationships are formed for which mutual understanding is necessary and this mutual understanding is possible only if there is a proper and common use of language between sender and receiver. On the other side through mutual understanding, individuals form community, community form society where social and cultural norms are nourished, so, this is all done by language.
(4) Interpersonal Communication :
It is the most important type of communication which is also called face-to-face communication. In interpersonal communication, one person communicates with another person, they exchange their ideas, share their knowledge by the usage of language. This shows the importance of language that even two persons cannot inter-exchange their ideas, knowledge, information without language.
In short, language is an essential element or component of interpersonal communication.
(5) Symbolism :
Symbolism plays a very important role in our everyday life. We used words with their symbolic meanings to make our communication process easy and simple. In symbolism, we assume certain meanings to words and use these words meaning wise in our daily life.
(6) Source of Contact :
Language connects one person to another, one group to another. One society to another, one nation to another. We can say simply that language is a source of contact among the people which connects them with one another.