DisinformationIn the context of espionage, military intelligence and propaganda is the spreading of deliberately false information to mislead an enemy as to one’s position or course of action. It also includes the distortion of true information in such a way as to render it useless. Disinformation techniques may. also be found in commerce and government used by one group to try to undermine the position of a competitor.
Unlike propaganda or the Big Lie technique designed to engage emotional support, disinformation is designed to manipulate the audience at the rational level by either discrediting conflicting information or supporting false conclusions.
The cold war made disinformation a recognized military and political tactic, though disinformation is generally more subtle and designed to remain unconscious to the target audience.
Disinformation should not be confused with misinformation, which is undeliberate, the person or news source forwarding the information does not know it is true. Thus disinformation can be relayed as misinformation. If the one relaying message is not aware that the origination of the message deliberately manufactured false information and offered it up for distribution.